Roof Inspections: Homeowner’s Guide

Looking to get a roof inspection? Our ultimate guide covers everything from why it's crucial, what to expect, to the average cost of a professional inspection.
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Reviewed by JC Sanjuan — General and roofing contractor with over a decade of experience in residential and commercial construction. He specializes in project management, quality workmanship, client satisfaction, and solving roofing challenges.

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When it comes to home maintenance, roof inspections often get overlooked. Yet, a well-timed inspection can save you a lot of time, money, and headaches down the road. A roof inspection isn’t just about finding leaks; it’s about ensuring the longevity of one of the most crucial parts of your home.

In this guide, we’ll go over:

»  Why roof inspections are essential
»  Signs that indicate you need an inspection
»  What professionals look for during an inspection
»  The tools that experts use for the job
»  The pros and cons of DIY vs. professional services
»  How to prepare for a roof inspection
»  Common problems detected during an inspection
»  Average costs of roof inspections

Let’s get started!

Why Roof Inspections are Crucial

So, why should you care about getting your roof inspected? Well, for starters, your roof is your home’s first line of defense against the elements. Let’s dig into some key reasons:

Detecting Problems Early

Early detection can save you a ton of money. By spotting issues like cracked shingles or leaks early on, you can prevent more severe damage down the line.

Extending Roof Lifespan

A regular roof inspection can add years to your roof’s life. Minor repairs can keep small issues from turning into major problems.

Enhancing Home Value

Are you planning on selling? A well-maintained roof can boost your home’s value, making an inspection a wise investment.

Signs You Need a Roof Inspection

Knowing when to get a roof inspection can be a bit confusing. However, there are some telltale signs you shouldn’t ignore:

Visible Damage

If you see missing or cracked shingles, it’s high time for an inspection. These are early indicators of potential issues.

Leaks and Water Stains

Water stains on your ceiling or walls? These are obvious signs that you may have a leak and need an inspection ASAP.

Age of the Roof

Roofs generally last between 20 to 30 years. If yours is approaching that age, an inspection can provide insight into its remaining lifespan.

By paying attention to these signs, you can schedule an inspection before minor problems become major headaches.

What to Expect During a Home Roof Inspection

If you’ve never had a roof inspection, you may be wondering what actually happens during one. Here’s what you can typically expect:

Exterior Check

Inspectors will assess the state of your shingles, flashing, and gutters. They’ll look for signs of wear and tear, water damage, and algae or moss growth.

Interior Check

Expect a visit to your attic, where inspectors will check for proper ventilation, signs of leaks, and insulation issues.


Many inspectors provide photos or videos of problem areas, along with a detailed written report. This can be especially helpful for insurance claims.

Understanding what happens during an inspection can ease any apprehensions and help you prepare.

Tools Used by Professional Inspectors

You might be curious about what tools are in an inspector’s toolkit. Here are some common ones:


A good ladder is essential for reaching high and steep areas of the roof safely.

Moisture Meters

These handy gadgets detect moisture levels, helping to locate hidden leaks or water damage.


Some inspectors use drones to capture aerial views of the roof, especially for large properties or hard-to-reach spots.

Having the right tools makes the inspection process more thorough and accurate, so you can trust the findings.

DIY Roof Inspection vs Professional Services

You may be wondering if a DIY inspection can replace a professional one. Well, each has its pros and cons.

Pros and Cons of DIY

  • Pros: It’s free, and you can do it on your own schedule.
  • Cons: You might miss subtle signs of damage or risk personal injury.

When to Opt for Professional Services

If your roof is older or has visible signs of wear, or if you’re just not comfortable climbing up there, it’s probably best to hire a professional.

In the end, while DIY checks are good for maintenance, a professional inspection gives you a more thorough understanding of your roof’s condition.

How to Prepare for a Roof Inspection

Before the inspector arrives, there are a few things you can do to make the process smoother:

Making a List of Known Issues

If you’ve noticed leaks or other issues, jot them down. Sharing this information can help guide the inspection.

Clearing the Area

Move cars, toys, or anything else that could be in the way of the inspector’s ladder or equipment.

Providing Access to the Attic

Make sure the path to your attic is clear. Inspectors often need to check for leaks, insulation issues, and ventilation from the inside.

Secure Pets

If you have pets, consider keeping them in a separate room. The inspector will likely be in and out of the house and may also need to access the yard.

A bit of prep can go a long way in making the inspection more efficient and effective.

Common Problems Detected During a Roof Inspection

You might be wondering what sort of issues a roof inspection can uncover. Well, here are some common findings:

Missing Shingles

High winds and storms can cause shingles to blow off, leaving your roof vulnerable to leaks.

Damaged Flashing

Flashing around chimneys, vents, and other roof protrusions often deteriorates over time, leading to potential leaks.

Moisture Issues

Ponding water or moisture trapped under the roof material can lead to rot and leaks.

Knowing what problems to expect can help you better understand your inspection report and what steps to take next.

The Average Cost of a Roof Inspection and What’s Included

You might be asking, “What’s this going to cost me?” Here’s a general idea:

Average Cost

The cost can vary widely depending on your location and the complexity of your roof. However, you can expect to pay anywhere from $100 to $500 for a professional roof inspection.

What’s Included

Generally, the inspection will cover both exterior and interior checks. This typically includes the shingles, flashing, gutters, and attic. Many inspectors also provide a detailed report, often with photos or videos, to document their findings.

Additional Costs

Some companies might charge extra for drone footage, moisture testing, or thermal imaging, which can help detect hard-to-find leaks or insulation issues.

Understanding the costs involved can help you budget appropriately and decide whether to opt for extra services.

Wrapping Up

Your roof is one of the most vital parts of your home, and a regular roof inspection can ensure it stays in top condition. From early detection of problems to extending your roof’s lifespan, the benefits are clear. Whether you opt for a DIY check or hire professionals, staying proactive is key. Armed with the knowledge from this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to make informed decisions about your roof inspections.


What is the most common problem found during a roof inspection?

Missing or damaged shingles and flashing issues are often the most common problems detected.

How often should I get my roof inspected?

It’s a good idea to have your roof inspected at least once a year, and after major storms.

Is a roof inspection necessary before buying a home?

Absolutely, it provides insight into the home’s condition and can prevent costly surprises later on.

Can I perform a roof inspection myself?

While DIY inspections are possible, they shouldn’t replace professional ones, especially for older roofs or for those showing signs of damage.


Atcheson, Daniel. Roofing Construction & Estimating. Craftsman Book Company, 2023. –  How to Perform Roof Inspections


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